Giving a look into literature about magnetism, one may ask a question: Which comes first? The new naming of the phenomenon, or the use of an already existing word adapted in order to describe the phenomenon?

Enjoy the paper written by Grazia Biorci from CNR-IRCrES, where she analyses the term “magnetism” in the language and literature and gives some hints on how the linguistic transmission runs along two parallel paths, in balance between the progress of scientific knowledge and the specialization of its language.

This article has been inspired by a collaboration between Grazia Biorci and the OXiNEMS project in the framework of the 20th edition of the Genoa Science Festival for the exhibition “we are all magnetic”, dealing with magnetometers for consumer applications and biomagnetism. The OXiNEMS team acknowledge Grazia for her precious support!

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Scope of the school - held on Wednesday, November 8th, 2023 - was to merge together students and young researchers with interest in the field of freestanding oxide thin films and micro/nanomechanical systems made with functional (epi)oxide materials towards new applications in sensing and actuating technologies.  

A non-uniform magnetic field is generated by a permanent magnet fixed on the moving support. The resonating metallic bar is fixed at one end (cantilever) and two NdFeB magnets (which work as a one bigger magnet) are placed in contact creating a strong magnetic field in the surrounding.

This document reviews a selection of the results achieved during the H2020 OXiNEMS project (  This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N.828784.  This is a live document and will continuously updated. This document is not a peer-reviewed paper.

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- 08.02.2024 first version released